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Table 2 Characteristics of the included studies on medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction for patellar dislocation using an autograft versus an allograft

From: Medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction using an autograft or allograft for patellar dislocation: a systematic review

Study Journal Study design Level of evidence Year Sample size
(knees)
Age (years) Sex
(M: F)
Graft type Patellar fixation Femoral fixation Follow-up Time (months)
Astur et al. [15] Open Orthop J RCS 3 2015 Autograft: 58 29.8 (18–45) 30: 28 Gracilis (58) Transpatellar tunnel with Endobutton Interference screw Minimum 24
Bitar et al. [12] Am J Spots Med RCT 1 2011, 2012 Autograft: 21 24.0 ± 6.3 12: 9 Patellar tendon (21) Suture Interference screw 44
Deie et al. [22] Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc Case series 4 2005 Autograft: 46 19.2 (6–43) 9: 34 Semitendinosus (46) Transpatellar tunnel MCL pulley 114 (60–144)
Deie et al. [13] Am J Spots Med Case series 4 2011 Autograft: 31 22.2 (12–34) 5: 24 Semitendinosus (31) Suture Femoral socket pullout suture 38 (24–60)
Dragoo et al. [23] Am J Spots Med PCS 2 2017 Allograft: 8 36.3 ± 8.7 1: 7 Semitendinosus (8) Suture anchor Interference screw 51 (25–79)
Drez et al. [9] Arthroscopy Case series 4 2001 Autograft: 14 22 (14–52) 10: 5 ITB (3), Semitendinosus (6),
Semitendinosus
+ gracilis (5)
Suture anchor Suture to periosteum 31.5 (24–43)
Ellera Gomes et al. [11] Arthroscopy Case series 4 2004 Autograft: 16 26.7 (21–37) 4: 11 Semitendinosus (16) Transpatellar tunnel Osteoperiosteal tunnel Minimum 60
Han et al. [16] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg Case series 4 2011 Autograft: 59 24.3 (15–41) 19: 33 Semitendinosus (51)
Gracilis (8)
Transpatellar tunnel Interference screw 68.4 (37–85)
Kang et al. [24] Am J Spots Med RCT 2 2013 Autograft: 82 28.9 ± 5.2 32: 50 Semitendinosus (82) Suture Interference screw 24
Kang et al. [14] Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc Case series 4 2014 Autograft: 45 26.6 ± 5.8 18: 27 Semitendinosus (45) Soft-tissue tunnel Interference screw 33.7 ± 8.4
Ma et al. [25] Arthroscopy RCT 2 2013 Autograft: 32 28.4 ± 4.2 10: 22 Semitendinosus (32) Suture anchor
+ suture
Interference screw 40 (24–55)
Mikashima et al. [17] Acta Orthop Belg Case series 4 2006 Autograft: 24 21.8 ± 4.9 10: 14 Semitendinosus (24) Anchor or
transpatellar tunnel
Femoral tunnel with Endobutton 41.0 ± 8.7
Niu et al. [26] Int J Clin Exp Med RCT 2 2016 Autograft: 22 27.5 ± 4.8 10: 12 Semitendinosus
+ gracilis (22)
Suture anchor Interference screw 48
Nomura et al. [27] Arthroscopy Case series 4 2006 Autograft: 12 24.8 ± 10.6 4: 8 Semitendinosus (12) Transpatellar tunnel Screw and spiked washer 50 ± 10
Panni et al. [28] Am J Spots Med Case series 4 2011 Autograft: 48 28 (16–60) 11: 37 Semitendinosus (48) Transpatellar tunnel Interference screw 33 (24–54)
Ronga et al. [29] Am J Spots Med Case series 4 2009 Autograft: 28 32.5 ± 11.4 21: 7 Semitendinosus (5)
Gracilis (23)
Transpatellar tunnel Interference screw 37 (30–48)
Schottle et al. [30] Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc Case series 4 2005 Autograft: 15 30.1 (19–36) 4: 8 Semitendinosus (15) Suture anchor Interference screw 47.5 (24–70)
Torisuka et al. [31] Knee Case series 4 2011 Autograft: 20 23 ± 8 9: 11 Semitendinosus (15) Transpatellar tunnel Femoral tunnel with endobutton 30 (24–53)
Vavalle et al. [32] J Orthop Traumatol Case series 4 2016 Autograft: 16 22 (18–25) 9: 7 Quadriceps (16) Rectus femoris insertion Anchor 38 (28–48)
Wang et al. [33] Int Orthop RCS 3 2013 Autograft: 70 25 ± 8 27: 43 Semitendinosus
+ gracilis (70)
Suture anchor Interference screw 48
Witonski et al. [34] Biomed Res Int Case series 4 2013 Autograft: 10 27.2 ± 8.1 4: 6 Patellar tendon (10) Suture Anchor 43 (24–55)
Zhao et al. [35] Am J Spots Med RCT 2 2012 Autograft: 45 25.0 ± 6.6 8: 37 Semitendinosus (45) Transpatellar tunnel Interference screw 60
  1. RCS retrospective cohort study, RCT randomized controlled trial, PCS prospective comparative study, ITB iliotibial band, MCL medial collateral ligament