Skip to main content

Table 2 Outcomes of the intervention

From: Botulinum toxin injections as salvage therapy is beneficial for management of patellofemoral pain syndrome

Questionnaire Pre (mean ± SD)
Post (mean ± SD)
Δ (mean ± SD) P−value
Lysholm 56.2 ± 15.0 27.0 ± 17.6  < 0.001
83.2 ± 16.5
Kujala 58.9 ± 12.6 23.8 ± 17.0  < 0.001
82.7 ± 15.2
NRS 7.6 ± 2.0 −4.4 ± 3.0  < 0.001
3.2 ± 3.0
SF-6D 0.6 ± 0.1 0.2 ± 0.2  < 0.001
0.8 ± 0.2
  1. NRS numerical rating scale